Monday, September 26, 2011

Exam 5

 Here the correct answers for Exam 5, from HIST101


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Question 1 (Worth 2 points)
Benjamin Franklin...
received an unusually thorough education in England, which put him in touch with Enlightenment ideas unknown to most Americans.
was a fervent advocate of the Enlightenment but claimed to be equally influenced by the Bible.
was the son of a devout Philadelphia Quaker.
founded a club of mutual improvement in Philadelphia to discuss moral and political questions.
This is a correct answer

Question Information: Answer on page 109
Points earned on this question: 2

Question 2 (Worth 2 points)
A successful, full-scale revolt was nearly impossible for colonial-era slaves to achieve primarily because...
even the Indians would refuse to help them if they escaped.
whites were armed and, except in coastal South Carolina, outnumbered slaves.
This is a correct answer

whites enlisted Native Americans to track down rebellious slaves.
revolt would endanger the slaves' communities and families.
Question Information: Answer on page 84
Points earned on this question: 2

Question 3 (Worth 2 points)
The Fifteenth Amendment...
prohibited state governments from using property requirements to disqualify blacks from voting.
gave the full vote to all adult African Americans.
prohibited state governments from using literacy tests and poll taxes to prevent blacks from voting.
forbade states from denying any citizen the right to vote on the grounds of race, color, or previous condition as a slave.
This is a correct answer

Question Information: Answer on page 448
Points earned on this question: 2

Question 4 (Worth 2 points)
In their petitions to Congress in the 1830s, abolitionists frequently called for...
appropriating funds to compensate slave owners for emancipating their slaves.
abolishing slavery in the District of Columbia.
This is a correct answer

ending the Atlantic slave trade.
impeaching any president who condoned slavery and barring slave owners from serving in Congress.
Question Information: Answer on page 338
Points earned on this question: 2

Question 5 (Worth 2 points)
Most colonists' reaction to the Navigation Acts was to...
comply with its laws out of fear of reprisals.
welcome these measures as a way of strengthening the bonds of empire, which would protect them from the French and Spanish.
bribe customs officials to ignore the regulations.
resent and resist the trade restrictions.
This is a correct answer

Question Information: Answer on page 92
Points earned on this question: 2

Question 6 (Worth 2 points)
George Washington's success as a general is most accurately explained by...
his political astuteness and ability to act decisively.
This is a correct answer

his strong personality, which enabled him to override the decisions of Congress.
a lack of any competitors among the other Patriot officers.
his willingness to overlook the actions of discontented soldiers, which endeared him to his troops.
Question Information: Answer on page 172
Points earned on this question: 2

Question 7 (Worth 2 points)
Which of the following statements most accurately characterizes immigration during the 1840s and 1850s?
Most immigrants settled in the South to take advantage of jobs in industry and agriculture.
Most of the Irish who arrived were poverty-stricken peasants.
This is a correct answer

The largest group of immigrants came from eastern and southern Europe.
The poorest immigrants came from Wales and Scotland.
Question Information: Answer on page 285
Points earned on this question: 2

Question 8 (Worth 2 points)
The Stamp Act Congress held in New York in 1765...
was a failure because the nine colonies represented could not agree on a unified policy.
protested loss of American rights and liberties and declared that only elected representatives could impose taxes on colonists.
This is a correct answer

formulated a set of resolves that threatened rebellion against Britain.
accepted the constitutionality of the Sugar Act but not the Stamp Act.
Question Information: Answer on page 138
Points earned on this question: 2

Question 9 (Worth 2 points)
Which of the following does not help to explain the diminishing effectiveness of Reconstruction in the South?
Northerners tired of the expense and violence that supporting Reconstruction engendered.
Racism among moderate Republicans led them to ascribe Republican defeats in the South to the incompetence of black politicians.
A severe depression in 1873 distracted Northerners from the social and racial issues of Reconstruction.
The expanded presence of federal troops and officials from 1875 to 1877 brought about an escalation in southern terrorist retaliation.
This is a correct answer

Question Information: Answer in Chapter 15
Points earned on this question: 2

Question 10 (Worth 2 points)
By 1840 the South was on the cutting edge of the Market Revolution because...
it produced and exported 1.5 million bales of raw cotton, over two-thirds of the world supply.
This is a correct answer

planters were using European immigrants as industrial workers.
planters were building factories to process cotton.
southern society was dominated by free labor.
Question Information: Answer on page 276
Points earned on this question: 2

Question 11 (Worth 2 points)
The Whiskey Rebellion was significant for all of the following reasons except...
the Whiskey rebels were acting in the tradition of the Patriots of 1765 and the Shaysites of 1786, only now they also waved banners proclaiming the French Revolutionary slogan “Liberty, Equality, Fraternity.”
Washington used force to put down the first strong challenge to the federal government's authority in order to make and enforce a law.
by suppressing the revolt, Washington deterred secessionist movements on the frontier.
when he learned that Thomas Jefferson covertly supported the insurgents, Washington publicly broke with him, precipitating open party conflict.
This is a correct answer

Question Information: Answer on page 200
Points earned on this question: 2

Question 12 (Worth 2 points)
During their first couple of years in the Jamestown colony, the English migrants...
doubled the size of their population.
produced an agricultural surplus--enough to trade with the Native Americans.
lived remarkably disease-free.
suffered from famine and diseases that killed more than half the population.
This is a correct answer

Question Information: Answer on page 44
Points earned on this question: 2

Question 13 (Worth 2 points)
In the election of 1864, Lincoln...
won by a slim margin, thanks to the votes of Union soldiers.
was swept to victory by Sherman's victory at Atlanta.
This is a correct answer

won despite the fact that three out of every four Union soldiers voted against him.
lost the popular vote to McClellan, but won the electoral vote.
Question Information: Answer on page 430
Points earned on this question: 2

Question 14 (Worth 2 points)
The three-day Battle of Gettysburg resulted in...
a decline in northern popular support for the war.
Democratic victories in state and local elections in Ohio, New York, and Pennsylvania.
Lee's loss of over half his Army of Northern Virginia.
the Confederate elections of 1863 to turn sharply against supporters of Jefferson Davis.
This is a correct answer

Question Information: Answer on page 426
Points earned on this question: 2

Question 15 (Worth 2 points)
The Puritans in late sixteenth-century England...
denied the concept that everyone had a calling” from God.
incorporated into their religion many of the traditional Roman Catholic practices, such as burning incense and praying to dead saints.
championed literacy so that everyone could read and interpret the Bible.
This is a correct answer

gave final authority over religious doctrine to bishops and synods.
Question Information: Answer on page 30
Points earned on this question: 2

Question 16 (Worth 2 points)
On the eve of European colonization of the Americas, most Western Europeans lived in...
small, relatively isolated, rural communities.
This is a correct answer

booming new cities and towns.
the older cathedral cities.
the castles that dotted the countryside.
Question Information: Answer on page 14
Points earned on this question: 2

Question 17 (Worth 2 points)
Between 1800 and 1860 white planters moved to the lower South to...
transform the West into a free labor society.
recreate the conditions of slavery.
invest in agricultural development.
This is a correct answer

flee antislavery laws in the upper South.
Question Information: Answer on page 361
Points earned on this question: 2

Question 18 (Worth 2 points)
The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo...
was rejected by the US Senate.
prohibited slavery in all territories ceded by Mexico, including Texas.
ceded Alta, California; New Mexico; and Texas north of the Nueces River to the United States, in addition to requiring Mexico to pay reparations of more than $50 million.
purchased more than one-third of Mexico's territory for $15 million.
This is a correct answer

Question Information: Answer on page 388
Points earned on this question: 2

Question 19 (Worth 2 points)
The plantation elite were characterized by all of the following criteria except...
roughly three thousand families comprised of the plantation elite category.
plantation elites owned more than 1,000 slaves.
This is a correct answer

plantation elites owned huge tracts of fertile land.
plantation elites were both traditional aristocrats from the Old South and market entrepreneurs of the New South.
Question Information: Answer on page 356
Points earned on this question: 2

Question 20 (Worth 2 points)
Which of the following statements most accurately characterizes the American party system by the early 1840s?
As the 1840 election demonstrated, the Whigs held the edge in party discipline and mass loyalty.
The two parties offered virtually the same social and economic platform but employed differing campaign styles to attract voters.
the practice of Americans voting for a particular party along ethnic and religious lines began to emerge.
This is a correct answer

The Democrats had a major advantage in their wealth and the cohesiveness of their leadership and support.
Question Information: Answer on page 308
Points earned on this question: 2

Question 21 (Worth 2 points)
Which of the following statements most accurately characterizes the relationship between church and state in post-revolutionary America?
Most citizens accepted the principle of separation of church and state.
The Baptist Church led the campaign for state protection and funding of all Christian denominations.
Most religious denominations served their links to the states.
This is a correct answer

By 1787, the Anglican Church of Virginia was the only example of an established church in any state.
Question Information: Answer on page 245
Points earned on this question: 2

Question 22 (Worth 2 points)
The Northwest Ordinance of 1787...
prohibited slavery in the Northwest Territory.
This is a correct answer

funded an exploratory party to locate the Northwest Passage.
provided for the eventual creation of eight to ten new states in the Northwest Territory.
required compulsory elementary education in each new township in the Northwest Territory.
Question Information: Answer on page 179
Points earned on this question: 2

Question 23 (Worth 2 points)
Mob violence against abolitionists...
was confined to border and southern cities such as Baltimore, St. Louis, New Orleans, and Nashville.
was sometimes led by well-to-do "gentlemen of property and standing."
This is a correct answer

targeted only the free black communities and the homes of prominent abolitionist spokespersons.
never resulted in the death of an abolitionist spokesperson or free black.
Question Information: Answer on page 338
Points earned on this question: 2

Question 24 (Worth 2 points)
The immediate cause for the Texan Americans' declaration of independence on March 2, 1836 was that...
the Texan "war party" sabotaged the efforts of Stephen F. Austin and other "peace party" leaders who were then negotiating with the Mexican government for greater autonomy.
the new president, General Antonio Lopez de Santa Ana, cut short Stephen F. Austin's negotiations with the Mexican government and appointed a military commandant for Texas.
This is a correct answer

Mexican troops commanded by General Antonio Lopez de Santa Ana destroyed the American garrison defending the Alamo.
Texans prisoners at Goliad were massacred by Mexican troops commanded by General Antonio Lopez de Santa Ana.
Question Information: Answer on page 379
Points earned on this question: 2

Question 25 (Worth 2 points)
The Mayflower Compact...
was the first “constitution” adopted in North America.
This is a correct answer

was the Pilgrims' declaration of independence from England.
proclaimed the Pilgrims' new religious denomination, known as the Separatist Church.
pledged the settlers of the Plymouth Colony to create a democratic form of government.
Question Information: Answer on page 53
Points earned on this question: 2

Question 26 (Worth 2 points)
Which of the following statements most accurately characterizes the British colonial frontier before 1750?
Hundreds of British colonists moved into the area west of the Appalachians.
The Iroquois covenant chain broke down, and the confederacy's power diminished.
A lack of natural transportation routes kept the British east of the Appalachians.
This is a correct answer

The French abandoned their fur-trading forts in the Ohio region.
Question Information: Answer on page 115
Points earned on this question: 2

Question 27 (Worth 2 points)
All of the following are rights guaranteed by the first ten amendments to the Constitution except...
the right to a jury trial.
the right to vote.
This is a correct answer

the right to bear arms.
freedom of speech.
Question Information: See Constitution in back of book
Points earned on this question: 2

Question 28 (Worth 2 points)
The abolitionist William Lloyd Garrison...
attacked the US Constitution because it condoned slavery.
This is a correct answer

was a minister who came to his antislavery convictions through the evangelical crusades of the 1820s.
demanded the immediate abolition of slavery, with federally funded compensation for former slaveholders.
criticized the colonizationists for moving too slowly in their efforts to emancipate slaves.
Question Information: Answer on page 336
Points earned on this question: 2

Question 29 (Worth 2 points)
In early nineteenth-century America...
the rise in political status of ordinary white men was accompanied by a decline in the political rights of women and free blacks.
This is a correct answer

most newly organized free states granted the right to vote to adult black men who owned specified amounts of freehold property.
Pennsylvania and New York allowed all free adult black males to vote.
women were granted the right to vote only in New Jersey in 1807.
Question Information: Answer on page 231
Points earned on this question: 2

Question 30 (Worth 2 points)
At the same time that Parliament imposed the Stamp Act, it also passed the Quartering Act, which required...
Americans to vacate their houses or take in British troops on the demand of any commander.
colonial governments to provide barracks and food for British troops.
This is a correct answer

that Americans convicted of treason be hanged and “quartered”; that is, cut into four pieces by the hangman.
that collectors of the stamp tax receive a commission of one-quarter of the revenue they took in.
Question Information: Answer on page 137
Points earned on this question: 2

Question 31 (Worth 2 points)
Which of the following statements most accurately characterizes one effect of Enlightenment on America.
American thinkers agreed with John Locke's idea that political authority was divinely ordained.
Cotton Mather and the Boston physician Nicholas Boyleston fought against smallpox inoculation.
Some ministers combined Lockean political principles with Calvinist theology in order to attack the role of bishops and vest power in the laity.
This is a correct answer

European Enlightenment ideas had little impact on Americans until 1750.
Question Information: Answer on page 108
Points earned on this question: 2

Question 32 (Worth 2 points)
The ancestors of the Native American peoples...
always lived in the Western Hemisphere.
migrated by sea from Polynesia.
migrated by sea from China.
migrated by land from northeastern Asia.
This is a correct answer

Question Information: Answer on page 7
Points earned on this question: 2

Question 33 (Worth 2 points)
The Glorious Revolution in England and America...
had little impact on either England or North America apart from deposing the Stuarts and barring Roman Catholics from the English throne.
contributed significantly to the creation of a new empire based on commerce, with a curb on royal monopolies, encouragement of enterprising merchants, and development of the American colonies as a source of wealth.
This is a correct answer

created democratic governments in Massachusetts, New York, and Maryland, but not in England.
represented a major step toward democracy in both England and the North American colonies.
Question Information: Answer on page 72
Points earned on this question: 2

Question 34 (Worth 2 points)
The movement toward secession in the winter of 1860-1861 was most rapid in...
the Upper South.
South Carolina.
This is a correct answer

Virginia.
Georgia.
Question Information: Answer on page 409
Points earned on this question: 2

Question 35 (Worth 2 points)
Martin Van Buren's most significant contribution to American political history in the 1820s was his...
pioneering work in making party discipline an effective tool for governing in a democracy.
This is a correct answer

behind-the-scenes efforts to settle the confused election of 1824 by putting John Quincy Adams in the White House and making Henry Clay secretary of state.
development of the techniques of mass electioneering that brought about Andrew Jackson's election in 1828.
1827 book Democracy in America, which showed how democracy could work in American society.
Question Information: Answer on page 292
Points earned on this question: 2

Question 36 (Worth 2 points)
According to the Constitution, which branch of government is responsible for readmitting states that have seceded from the Union?
the Constitution does not address this question.
This is a correct answer

the executive branch.
the judicial branch.
the legislative branch.
Question Information: See Constitution on page D-10
Points earned on this question: 2

Question 37 (Worth 2 points)
Before becoming president, Thomas Jefferson viewed the westward migration of Americans with...
apprehension because he believed the country was growing too large to be governed as a single republic.
disapproval because he sympathized with the plight of the Indians who would be displaced by white settlement of the West.
disdain because, as a cultured aristocrat, he considered the settlers to be uncouth rabble who would only cause trouble with the Indians and destroy the West's natural environment.
unqualified approval because he celebrated the pioneer farmer and hoped to see the West developed by independent yeomen.
This is a correct answer

Question Information: Answer on page 152
Points earned on this question: 2

Question 38 (Worth 2 points)
The Compromise of 1850 did not include which of the following?
Abolition of the slave trade in the District of Columbia.
Adoption of a strong fugitive slave law.
The organization of the New Mexico and Utah territories on the basis of popular sovereignty.
Abolition of slavery in the Oregon Territory.
This is a correct answer

Question Information: Answer on pages 391-392
Points earned on this question: 2

Question 39 (Worth 2 points)
The Missouri Compromise of 1820...
resulted from the conciliatory efforts of Congressman James Tallmadge of New York.
provided for Maine to enter the Union as a free state in 1820, and Missouri to enter as a slave state the following year.
This is a correct answer

prohibited slavery in the Louisiana Territory south of latitude 36°30´.
convinced the aged and retired Thomas Jefferson that the peaceful extinction of slavery by mutual agreement was now in sight.
Question Information: Answer on page 243
Points earned on this question: 2

Question 40 (Worth 2 points)
Around 1820-1840, the economic conditions for casual day laborers in American cities...
improved because they gained greater geographical mobility and were in high demand on new construction projects everywhere.
held steady, neither improving nor worsening.
bore the brunt of unemployment during business depressions.
This is a correct answer

improved slightly because, even though their wages were declining relative to living costs, they benefited from a heightened sense of charity among the middle class.
Question Information: Answer on page 269
Points earned on this question: 2

Question 41 (Worth 2 points)
The First Continental Congress...
was summoned by Patriot leaders to protest the Coercive Acts in 1774.
This is a correct answer

united representatives from all the British colonies of North America for the first time.
failed to enact a declaration of independence drafted by John Adams but accepted Joseph Galloway's more moderate Plan of Union.
failed to pass a declaration of rights and grievances because it was judged too mild.
Question Information: Answer on page 149
Points earned on this question: 2

Question 42 (Worth 2 points)
A peace treaty was not signed until nearly two years after the surrender at Yorktown because...
the American negotiators sought delays so that state governments could coordinate their demands.
France and Spain stalled, hoping for some major naval victory or territorial conquest.
This is a correct answer

members of Parliament could not reach agreement on the concessions that they were willing to make.
the usual delays in transatlantic communications prolonged the process.
Question Information: Answer on page 173
Points earned on this question: 2

Question 43 (Worth 2 points)
The Spanish Franciscan missionaries...
tried to impose cultural assimilation and forced labor along with religious conversion of indigenous peoples.
This is a correct answer

became large landowners who collected tribute from the Indians.
outlawed slavery in the Spanish colonies.
adapted to native culture almost completely.
Question Information: Answer on page 39
Points earned on this question: 2

Question 44 (Worth 2 points)
One social change resulting from the Industrial Revolution in early nineteenth century America was that members of the upper class...
came to hold the same cultural and religious values as wage earners in contrast to the elitism that in the eighteenth century had kept the gentry and the "common people" apart.
openly distanced themselves by values and lifestyle from wage earners in contrast to the shared cultural and religious values that had united the gentry and ordinary folk in the eighteenth century.
This is a correct answer

became more hypocritical, pretending to share cultural and religious values with wage earners, but actually behaving very differently.
tended to claim that they had risen "from rags to riches" and to flaunt their crude taste and rough manners in contrast to "gentlemanly" values of the eighteenth-century elites.
Question Information: Answer on page 279
Points earned on this question: 2

Question 45 (Worth 2 points)
In the aftermath of the nullification crisis, President Jackson responded to southern concerns about the tariff by...
insisting that high protective tariffs were in the national interest.
attempting unsuccessfully to have Congress repeal the Tariff of 1832.
persuading Congress to pass new legislation enacting a compromise tariff to gradually reduce duties.
This is a correct answer

ignoring the issue.
Question Information: Answer on page 300
Points earned on this question: 2

Question 46 (Worth 10 points)
The narrative suggests that the war for American independence was not inevitable, that the British empire could have been saved. Do you agree? At what point during the imperial crisis was peaceful compromise possible?

American History: The narrative suggests that the war for American i...: After the war for American Independence, John Adams claimed that the Americans were considering independence long before the war that starte...


Question 47 (Worth 10 points)
In 1860, the institution of slavery was firmly entrenched in the United States; by 1865, it was dead. How did this happen? How did Union policy toward slavery and enslaved people change over the course of the war? Why did it change?


American History: In 1860, the institution of slavery was firmly ent...: The change in slavery started in November 1860 with the Republican victory in the elections, an immediate danger to the slave owning republi...


Question 48 (Worth 10 points)
Weigh the relative importance of the Industrial and Market revolutions in changing the American economy. In what ways was the economy different in 1860 from what it had been in 1800? How would you explain those differences? 

American History: Weigh the relative importance of the Industrial an...: By 1800, the American economy was predominantly agrarian. This changed dramatically by 1860 with the Industrial and Market revolutions. New ...


Question 49 (Worth 10 points)
Explain why there were no major witchcraft scares in the Chesapeake colonies and no uprising like Bacon's Rebellion in New England. Consider the possible social, economic, and religious causes of both phenomena.

American History: Explain why there were no major witchcraft scares ...: There were major dissimilarities between the Chesapeake and New England colonies, because of the different reasons the colonists came to Ame...

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